Gerrymandering in our county:

Muskingum County, and Zanesville,
are divided between two congressional districts,
weakening our voice in the US House of Representatives.

In the May 8, 2018 PRIMARY ELECTION, ISSUE 1 was approved, which may slightly reduce gerrymandering, but it's still going to be a Republican-controlled map.

The June 2019 Supreme Court decision allows gerrymandering to, if anything, get worse.

Muskingum County is in 2 congressional districts, which weakens our county's voice in the U. S. House of Representatives.  Both the county and the city of Zanesville are divided between 2 congressional districts

*6th District contains Zanesville Ward 1B precinct 2, and townships--Adams, Cass, Highland, Jackson (Frazeysburg), Dresden North, Dresden South, Licking A and B, Madison, Monroe, Muskingum A-C, Perry North and South, Salem, New Concord, Norwich, Union, Washington A-C.

**12th District contains Zanesville Wards 1A, 1B precinct 1, 2A, 2B, 3A, 3B, 4A, 4B, 5A, 5B, 5C, 6A, 6B, 6C, and townships—Blue Rock, Brush Creek, Clay, Falls A-H, Harrison (contains Philo), Hopewell A-C, Meigs, Newton (contains Fultonham, Ironspot, Moxahala, Rolling Plains, White Cottage), Rich Hill, Salt Creek, S. Zanesville, Springfield A-C, Wayne (contains Wayne Twp. A-C, and Duncan Falls).

Two principal tactics are used in gerrymandering:
"cracking" (i.e. diluting the voting power of the opposing party's supporters across many districts), and 
"packing" (concentrating the opposing party's voting power in one district to reduce their voting power in other districts).

How Gerrymandering works:

(The above illustration shows how odd-shaped districts can overcome a blue majority, giving red control despite being outnumbered.)

Features of gerrymandered maps: 
Districts are not compact.
Rural and urban areas are combined to (in Ohio's case) weaken urban areas by splitting them up and putting small pieces of urban areas into larger rural areas.
Cities and counties are often divided into several districts.
Creating as many districts that aren't competitive as possible.
Packing urban areas into just a few reliably Democratic districts.

Districts that aren't competitive enable more extreme candidates from the party in power to win more easily. In these districts, the primary election is the determining factor, not the general election. 

The current congressional map, based on the 2010 census, was gerrymandered to favor Republicans in 12 out of 16 districts, despite state-wide 55-45 split in voter registrations favoring Republicans.  Districts are NOT compact:

Present 6th District

Present 12th District

ohio congressional districts 113th congress

Present Ohio Congressional District Map
Heavily Gerrymandered

Some proposed maps that would result in more competitive and fair districts: 
http://www.fairdistrictsohio.org/blog/what-could-fair-congressional-districts-look-like

Remedial Ohio Map sm

Remedial Congressional Map Proposed by the League of Women Voters
(Less Gerrymandered.)



Districts are not compact, due to "cracking and  packing" to favor Republicans.

Ohio Senate Map sm
Ohio Senate Districts

Ohio House Map 2013 sm

Ohio House Districts
 

How Gerrymandering enhanced GOP gains in the 2018 Mid-term Election:

State Senate Districts 2018 Gov sm

2018 Governor's Race--DeWine got only  50.4%
of the votes, but won 21 of 33 Senate districts

Despite only getting half the State House votes, gerrymandered districts gave Republicans 63% of the Ohio House seats.

Despite only getting 52% of the US House votes, gerrymandered districts gave Republicans 75% of the US House seats.

State House Votes:

Total Vote Share:
Republicans, 50.3%
Democrats, 49.3%

Congressional Votes:

Total Vote Share:
Republicans, 52.3%
Democrats, 47.0%

 

Seats Won:
Republicans, 62.9%
Democrats, 37.1%

 

Seats Won:
Republicans, 75.0%
Democrats, 25.0%